- Those prepared to take up arms against the Romans occupying Palestine. As a group they came into existence at the beginning of the Jewish rebellion in 66 CE, but there was much social unrest as early as 6 CE, when Judas the Galilean led a revolt against the census of Quirinius (Acts 5:37). Jesus had a sympathizer with this movement among the Twelve [[➝ Twelve, the]] (Luke 6:15). By 66 CE, however, the name came to signify an organization or coalition of bandits, terrorists, and the unemployed to fight the Romans. The identification of Jesus with a popular movement of rebellion has been argued on the ground of his suffering crucifixion, the form of execution for a terrorist or rebel. The theory, however, is unlikely, since Jesus' teaching about the kingdom of God was not given in language typical of the later Zealotry (cf. Mark 12:17). It could be that Simon, called the Zealot by Luke but ‘the Cananaean’ by Mark (3:18) which means in Aramaic a zealot in the sense of an enthusiast, gets this name because of his personal character. Or perhaps he was an enthusiast for God (like Paul, Acts 22:3).
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Zealots — Revolutionaries who established an independent regime in Thessalonike (q.v.) from 1342 1350. The Zealots ejected the local aristocracy (q.v.) and expropriated the property of all the landed magnates, including the property of monasteries and… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Zealots — A sect of Jews which originated with Judas the Gaulonite (Acts 5:37). They refused to pay tribute to the Romans, on the ground that this was a violation of the principle that God was the only king of Israel. They rebelled against the Romans,… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Zealots — (Heb. kannaim) Members of a partisan movement of revolt against Roman rule in Palestine during the 1 century AD … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
ZEALOTS — a JEWISH SECT founded by Judas of Galilee to resist the Roman annexation of Judaea. After their initial revolt was crushed, they resorted to guerilla warfare against the Romans and those they saw a collaborators. They were finally destroyed… … Concise dictionary of Religion
zealots — zealÂ·ot || zelÉ™t n. fanatic; radical zealot, fanatic zealot … English contemporary dictionary
Zealots — This word refers to a Jewish group at the beginning of the first century AD that sought religious and political independence from the Romans and rose up in open rebellion; after their defeat, they carried on guerrilla warfare against the… … Glossary of theological terms
ZEALOTS AND SICARII — Introduction This article deals not only with the group of fighters for the freedom of Israel known from josephus as the Zealots, but includes in its survey other groups with similar aims, particularly the Sicarii. Judea differed from the other… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Zealots, Thessalonica — The Zealots were an anti aristocratic political group with social demands that dominated political developments in Thessalonica from 1342 until 1350. The contemporary sources, notably anti Zealot in sympathies, provide little information on the… … Wikipedia
Zealots of Piety — The Zealots of Piety (Russian: Кружок ревнителей благочестия ) was a circle of ecclesiastical and secular individuals beginning in the late 1630s in Russia, which gathered around Stefan Vonifatiyev, the confessor of tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. The… … Wikipedia
ZEALOTS, THE — a fanatical party among the Jews in Judea, who rose in revolt against the Roman domination on the appointment over them of a Roman governor instead of a native prince, which they regarded as an insult to their religion and religious belief … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia